Thoughts on Elastos FAQ (Part 2 to Part 6)

Ding Ning continues to create several topics surrounding some frequently asked questions about Elastos project.

  1. a) Is Elastos a failed operating system coupled with blockchain?
  • Elastos was formerly known as “Hexin” operating system
  • Ecosystem is the key, not the operating system (e.g. Android’s open source is the key to winning the market)
  • Microsoft disbanded Windows working group and turned to bitcoin-based decentralised identity (DID) open sourced protocol known as ION
  • However, Google source codes are not open source and Microsoft’s DID system is still stuck at the “internet +” level and has not fundamentally changed the existing internet
  • The world needs an “altruistic” internet ecological mindset. Only “opens source, transparent and self-running” can with the trust of the world and will be in an invincible position in the future operating system wars.
  • “Hexin” combined with blockchain technology, is building a secure, credible and decentralized Internet environment. The project name is Elastos.


  1. b) If Elastos becomes successful, who needs it? What is its relationship with other projects?
  • All blockchain projects need to survive and develop in the Internet environment.
  • Our current worldwide network has too much freedom whereby applications can be directly connected to the Internet, causing a large number of viruses, DDoS attacks, privacy leaks and other issues.
  • Elastos is the ultimate solution for our current Internet and also the ultimate solution for all existing blockchain projects (such as Ethereum, NEO, ICON, EOS, etc.).
  • What is missing from the blockchain industry is the design of the Internet system architecture. Elastos system is able to resolve this issue.
  • Many people think that the Elastos is a public welfare project
  • The value of ELA lies in various application scenarios in the future
  • In the Elastos ecosystem, ELA is digital gold, which is similar to the position that Bitcoin already has in the world.
  • From a certain perspective, if Elastos smart web is really practically built, It is the basis for better development of all blockchain projects.
  1. c) Why did Elastos come up with a CR? What is it used for?
  • One of the big problems with Bitcoin is the lack of internal governance mechanisms.
  • When there is a problem, it is divided, which is extremely unfavorable for the development of the project.
  • Many projects are technically innovative, but the centralization mechanism is still working in community development, which runs counter to the concept of decentralization.
  • Cyber Republic, abbreviated as CR, is a decentralised autonomous organisation whereby community members can exercise the right as a community owners.
  1. d) What is decentralised media? How can Elastos decentralise media?
  • What is the Media Player Center? Broadly speaking, the various software we see today. For example, MP3, movies, etc. are played by media playerS, doc files are “played” by Word, and HTML (hypertext markup language) is played by the internet browser.
  • How many blockchain projects have solved this “software player center”? How can they achieve what they claim to be “decentralized”?
  • Elastos system has made rational use of virtual machine technology, through virtual machine technology they can ensure that there is no internet access, no background daemon, and drivers can’t be installed.
  • The player is removed, that is, the software middle layer is removed, and all the data is turned into a program.  For example, a movie or a game is made into a self-playing file system, which removes the media player and solves the problem.
  • The virtual machine can run the media player and the media player loads data. So, indirectly, the virtual machine is the player of the player.
  • In the web 2.0 environment, all data is transmitted on the browser (such as songs, videos, and documents). If we can upload secure and trusted programs on the social network, this time, the entire user experience and revenue model will have a revolution.
  1. e) We have heard that Elastos can solve all kinds of digital assets double spending problem, is that true?
  • Nakamoto has solved the double spending problem of digital tokens by creating bitcoin. It is a great thing that data can be confirmed by an self-running blockchain.
  • In the web 2.0 environment, digital content can be copied indefinitely, and digital content is often stolen by the perpetrators. These two questions are not resolved. How do we really achieve “Own Your Own Data”?
  • The reason blockchain can transfer value is because it is a program based on a piece of code that is trusted by both parties. Based on this thinking, to achieve anti-piracy on the internet, it is necessary to package any digital content created  into an executable code, that is, a small program, and only have the corresponding key to run the program.
  • This program does not run through third-party applications (because this third-party application can do evil) and can run directly on the operating system.
  • The operating system of the Elastos is also a virtual machine operating system. The Elastos system can turn all the data into programs, remove the software middle layer and remove second time of piracy.
  • In the new generation of internet systems built by Elastos, if there is a data infringement event, you can run a program similar to virus scanning to remove pirated content from the network.
  • The original network spreads data, and the use of Elastos systems can upload secure and trusted programs on decentralized networks. This is a revolutionary change.
  1. f) What is operating system? What is included in the Elastos operating system?
  • The operating system (OS) is a system software that manages computer system resources and controls the running of programs. It provides users with a convenient, safe and reliable working environment and interface.
  • In full view, the operating system of Elastos smart web can be divided into four categories: (1) physical machine operating system, such as Linux; (2) virtual machine operating system, such as Elastos Runtime, which prohibits applications from directly accessing the network; (3) network operating systems, such as Elastos Carrier, coordinate a number of distributed physical machines with flexible virtual machine clusters on demand. If there is a fourth category, it is the object OS of the IoT sensor, which is essentially a peripheral OS, and the peripherals cannot access the Internet.
  • The execution of the program depends on the running environment of the execution, also known as the operating system. The operating system itself is only safe, control order, and the Elastos system is to create a secure, trustworthy and decentralized Internet environment.
  1. g) Is there a difference between a series of public blockchain and the design architecture of Elastos?
  • The execution of the program depends on the running environment of the execution, also known as the operating system.  
  • What is lacking in the entire blockchain industry is the systematic design from the level of the internet architecture.
  • For example, in order to solve the problem of TPS, a bunch of blockchain projects manipulate the performance improvement of the public blockchain or fragmentation or cross-chaining. From the system point of view, it can’t be said that these jobs are meaningless, but it may be a headless fly experiment!
  • The function of the Elastos public blockchain in the whole system is similar to the fingerprint recognition of mobile phones. It is just a trust module. The idea of executing smart contracts on the public blockchain is completely different. It can be said to be an alternative.
  • Elastos also reinterprets the world computer in the blockchain industry from the perspective of the internet, and solves the trustworthy problem through network architecture reconstruction. This is a higher-level thinking with a blockchain.
  1. h) Some public blockchain projects claim to have hundreds of thousands or millions of throughputs, so what is the throughput on Elastos sidechain?
  • While people have an optimistic view of blockchain, there is a technical bottleneck called the “impossible triangle”, which is still far from being able to exert its potential..
  • The most critical issue of the Ethereum smart contract is that there is no distinction between “system smart contract” and “application smart contract”. The public blockchain smart contract needs to support some functions common to the system. These functions need to be easily extended. For the application layer, it is not necessary to reach a consensus with all nodes (such as 6000~10000).
  • For example, if two people gamble, it is enough for 6 people to know, and it is not necessary to let 6,000 people know. According to different application scenarios, the blockchain needs to support different applications. Each chain is subject to consensus algorithms and performance limitations, and the application scenarios that can be supported are different. Some application scenarios require trusted accounting. At this time, PoW is suitable; some application scenarios are faster, and DPOS may be more appropriate at this time. The services provided by each blockchain may be very different, and a single blockchain cannot be adapted to all application scenarios.
  • A very simple logic is that smart contracts for third-party applications should not run on the public blockchain, but should run on the sidechain.
  • Elastos adopts the “main chain + sidechain” architecture. In the face of special applications, the cloud system has the ability to use Amazon Cloud and Alibaba Cloud to instantly get 6 or 60 virtual machines in the application runtime, through the sidechain.
  1. i) What are the necessary conditions for blockchain to develop a smart economy?
  • people say that the blockchain is the value of the internet, and many blockchain projects also claim to be able to achieve smart economy.
  • More value comes from the transfer of digital assets. Token is just a bookkeeping. However, many of today’s blockchains only implementing tokens transfer, and do not involve the execution side of the digital assets behind them.
  • For example, to exchange a digital asset such as a movie or a game, the general blockchain project in the existing web 2.0 environment, these so-called digital assets will be stolen, copied, and slandered by others.
  • A secure, trusted internet environment is needed that requires digital assets to flow safely and scarcely on the basis of security.
  • How to take advantage of the blockchain combined with the internet to give consumers more integrity and bring real business value, this is the significance of the blockchain + internet.
  1. j) Has the cross-chain project contributed to the development of the blockchain from the level of the entire internet architecture?
  • The goal of cross-chain project design is to solve two major problems of the current blockchain technologies spreading and adoption, i.e., instant expansion and extensibility.
  • Cross-chain does not solve the problem from the internet architecture refactoring. It is only the expansion and extension of the blockchain development process.
  • In building a new generation of internet, some existing blockchain projects are working in their respective fields, such as decentralized storage IPFS, decentralized cloud computing market (e.g. iExec), decentralized distributed communication network (e.g.
  • In particular, it is necessary to emphasize the project of creating a new generation of the internet as a vision – Elastos
  • Elastos is equipped with a relatively complete new generation of internet architecture, in addition to the public blockchain, there are peer-to-peer communication network (e.g. Carriers), Runtime, a variety of operating environments, development kits, and decentralized storage (e.g. Hive) and decentralized marketing platform (e.g. DMA).
  1. k) What is the development status of the Elastos project?
  • It has also been less than 2 years since the beginning of Elastos and various projects have been carried out in an orderly manner.
  • In terms of blockchain and smart contracts, the Elastos backbone is also based on BTC. The DID side chain has been released. The team will provide a beta version of the ETH side chain, NEO side chain, tokens side chain and IPFS compatible HIVE in June 2019. Elastos Carrier has deployed more than one million devices worldwide and the number of online users is also in the hundreds of thousands.
  • In terms of ecosystem, DMA, Hyper, ElaChat, AnyPeer, Uptick, etc. are not mature enough, but they all have some progress. A self-running smart web infrastructure has been initially built. Compared with other public blockchains, it is also very fast in terms of progress.
  • Of course, there are also some shortcomings. For example, in terms of standardization, it is necessary to make up these lessons in order to allow more application developers to participate.
  1. l) The development of blockchain requires consensus and the Elastos consensus has broken. What should we do?
  • The understanding of the Elastos blockchain in the past was dominated by emotions.
  • Although the consensus is relatively stable, the consensus stems from the hearts of the people, and the human heart often changes due to the outer events.
  • There will be a process of reshaping the consensus. The matter needs to be addressed by Elastos technology advancement, application landing and historical issues to resolve people’s doubts.
  • It is up to the community partners who are interested in the vision of the new generation to work together to promote project development.
  1. m) Everyone is looking for the future of the blockchain. Is there any unique feature in Elastos that may lead the future consensus?
  • The development of an era needs to be driven by consensus.
  • The blockchain has to build the future value of the Internet, but the development of the existing blockchain has encountered inevitable bottlenecks.
  • Existing blockchain projects can achieve digital rights and tokens, but there is no implementation of a larger range of digital assets. For example: exchange a digital asset such as a movie or game.
  • On the other hand, it also has a centralized operation website. There is a browser under the blockchain. If the website is closed, it will not work (because if there is no detour operation). Businesses must rely on centralized network operations centers such as Tencent, Sina, and Facebook.
  • This series of problems requires a system solution that requires a high degree of system resolving from the internet architecture.
  • On the issue of capacity expansion, Elastos also provides the “main chain + side chain” system design.
  • In the design of the decentralized carrier, the Elastos Carrier is the basic project to realize the smart web without website.
  • To create a secure and trusted computing environment, Elastos Runtime provides sandbox isolation, network isolation and digital rights management. From here, Elastos DApps interact with the outside world through Elastos Carrier, which itself is an end-to-end encrypted peer-to-peer network with no central server, thus creating a fully secure ecosystem DApp runtime environment.
  1. n) If Elastos project is cold in the market, what will happen in the future?
  • Most of the funds are chasing hot spots, and there is a tendency to follow the crowd. Nowadays, the hotspots are cross-chain, so the projects in this area will be on fire
  • A large amount of funds are looking for the future, hoping to grasp the breakthrough projects that can break the limits of this industry. The problem is that there is no final conclusion and there is no empirical data.
  • Elastos technology logic is advanced, but now it is still in the stage of primary infrastructure engineering, and the ecosystem has not been scaled up. Moreover, the consensus has broken down. This series of factors will increase people’s doubts about Elastos.
  • We can also think in reverse, and if Elastos is open source, transparent and self-running, no one can turn it off. Even if no one is optimistic or using it now, when the blockchain development encounters an unsolvable bottleneck, it is necessary to have a system project such as Elastos (reconstruction of the internet architecture) to solve the problem, don’t you? Elastos is already there, do you want to start from scratch? How much will that cost? Do you have such an engineering framework idea? Copy Elastos technology fully? How to gain trust in the open source community?
  • Elastos smart web is a “global computer” that is not controlled by any organization or individual. This is an objective existence.

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